Tag : quran

muharram

The First Day

 

Allah said,
“A mosque founded on righteousness from the first day is more worthy for you to stand in.”
[Quran 9:108]

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Five years after the death of the Prophet Muhammad (may peace and blessing be upon him), in 638 CE, the dating of the Islamic calendar was firstly introduced by the second caliph, Umar ibn Al-Khattab, attempting to solve administrative problems during his period. That was, as Ibn Kathir (d. 1373 CE) narrated, because one Shahabi who was a governor of Iraq, Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari, wrote to Umar Ibn Al-Khattab in distress: “There are letters have reached us from you, o Amirul Mu’minin, but we do not know how to deal with them. We read a document dated the month of Sha’ban, but we do not know which of the Sha’bans is meant: is it the month that has passed, or that which is to come?”

Not like names of days and months, Arabs at that time had not had numbering system of years yet. They only named years by the most significant event or situation occured during those years. For instance, the year of the Prophet Muhammad’s birth called “The Year of Elephants”, named after Aksumite warriors who attempted to attack Kaaba with their war elephants. Al-Biruni (d. 1050 CE) also mentioned that Muslims named the year 10 AH as “The Year of Farewell”.

Receiving Abu Musa’s complaint, Umar call a number of senior Shahabis to discuss this very issue. They all agreed to invent a new calendar system instead adopting both Persian or Roman calendar. Then they began disputed which year should be the first year of this new Islamic Calendar. Some said, “From the year of the Prophet’s birth.” Others proposed, “From the year of thr Prophecy when Quran first revealed.” Ali suggested, “From the year of Hijra to Medina.” Umar agreed with him saying, “We begin from the year of Hijra, because it distiguished between the truth and the falsehood.”

Next, they talked the beginning month over between several suggestions. Umar approved Uthman’s proposal to begin every Islamic year from the month of Muharram, reasoning it by saying “It is the month when people returned from they hajj (pilgrimage).” even the Prophetic hijra was in Rabi’ul Awwal. After this discussion, Umar announced this agreement and spread the using of this Islamic calendar and that year itself was consequently the 16th AH (After Hijra).

Some scholars, like Dr. Yassir Qadhi, stated that the 108th verse of At-Tawbah in Quran may be a sign to this calendar: “A mosque founded on righteousness from the first day is more worthy for you to stand in.” Note that Allah called the Prophetic Hijra when our Prophet built Quba mosque as “awwali yawm/the first day”. It is somehow like a sign that Islamic Calendar will refer to this historical moment. Allah knows best.

This sunset (Islamic days begin every sunset), 10th September 2018, we are going to enter 1st Muharram 1440 AH the first day of the Islamic new year. For many muslims, Islamic New Year is more of a time for personal reflection than parties and celebrations. It is, therefore, a time when people make new year resolutions, especially those who return home from their hajj (pilgrimage). We should make our resolutions in this new year to make our worldly life and our Hereafter life much better. If our beloved Prophet arranged and designed everything for his hijra very well, why we live our life and spend our time without any planning?

We hope you go to this link and donate for our Quranic projects:
http://kitabisa.com/learnqurantafsir

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This Worldly Life and Water

 

Allah said,
“And present to them the example of the life of this world, its being like rain which We send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the earth mingles with it and then it becomes dry remnants, scattered by the winds. And Allah is ever, over all things, Perfect in Ability.”
[Quran 18:45]

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The word “Dunyaa” in Arabic morphology is derived from the root word “danaa” which literally means to be near or to be low. This word which has passed to several Asian, European and African languages is often used in Quran to call this “worldly life” that opposes to the Hereafter (Aakhirah). It is called “Dunya” because it has much lower class than Aakhirah as it is also considered nearer to us than the Hereafter life.

Allah mentioned over here the parable of this worldly life. How it is like the water which We send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the earth mingles with it. It mingles with the seeds that are in the earth, so they grow and become good, producing bright, fresh flowers, then after that it becomes dry and broken pieces, withered up, which the winds scatter tossing them about right and left. This is the real face of “Dunya” which will eventually cease and come to a halt.

Al-Qurtubi (d. 1273 CE) explained in his Tafsir how compatible this parable is. He said that Allah compared Dunya to water for the following secrets.

Firstly, water does not settle and remain in one place. Equivalently, Dunya does not remain the same upon one state of affairs. Someone may be rich right now, but next month he may lost his wealth, or vice versa.

Secondly, water goes away and does not remain likewise Dunya will eventually come to an end. Some women can be proud of her adorableness when she was young, but three decades later that beauty is absolutely going to fade.

Thirdly, nobody is able to enter water without getting wet. Similarly for Dunya, no one is perfectly safe from its trials and calamities even he tries his best in swimming. We all know what will happen later to those who deeply dive or even sink into Dunya forgetting Aakhirah.

Fourthly, if you have the right amount of water it is a useful nursery, but if it goes beyond the limit it is a harmful destroyer like flood or tsunami. Analogously to Dunya, its subsistence is beneficial while its excess is harmful. Dunya is not forbidden, instead it is important in life. But it will become disaster when somebody takes it more than its proper quantity. Of course, everyone should recognize their own measures. May Allah help us to be proportional in this worldly life and keep it in our hands not inside our hearts.

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Written by Nur Fajri Romadhon

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Ramadan Kareem

Learn Quran just released a special video to welcome Ramadan this year.

“The Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) was the most generous person, and he used to become more so (generous) particularly in the month of Ramadan…more generous than the fast wind in doing good” [Bukhari].

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4 Things You Can Do in Ramadan with Learn Quran

Ramadan is the most special month of the year and a good chance to learn more about Quran. It is the month of Quran revelation as it mentioned here:

The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. (Al Baqarah: 185)

Multiple rewards await in this holy month. When the day is packed with our activities, you have the night to do more prayers and asking for forgiveness. You only have 24 hours so you have to make sure every second counts. Nevertheless, your gadget can be a distraction and procrastination tool, hindering you from a meaningful Ramadan. Technology should improve your productivity to and make life easier.

Here are four things that you can do in Ramadan to improve your Quran skills with Learn Quran:

  1. Improve your Tajwid skills and knowledge Learn Quran Tajwid App
    • You must have learned some tajwid rules but now there are some ayah you don’t know how to read it. You hesitate to stop or to continue when you see some waqaf signs in the middle of an ayah. These are the signs to revisit the tajwid lessons. When you’re busy, this app can help you to learn and practice tajwid anywhere.
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  2. Create a plan to master all the lessons in Learn Quran Tajwid App
    • There’re 22 lessons in total. If you already master the alphabet, you can skip it. If you want to learn only about the tajwid rules, you can go straight to the 14th lesson. Make a personal plan and make sure you can cover all selected lessons in one month. After Ramadan, you can recite Quran with more self confidence and may be you can teach others.
  3. Learn one ayah everyday with Learn Quran Tafsir while you’re commuting
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    • Learn Quran Tafsir is presented in a bit size so you don’t feel overwhelmed with all the tafsirs. There’s a button to show a random ayah so you can use it if you have no exact plan which ayah to learn. You can also make a plan, for example you want to finish reading all tafsirs in Juz 30 during Ramadan. You can go to the selected surah and ayah by clicking the menu on the left side.
  4. Support Learn Quran Foundation as ‘Amal Jariyah
    • If you enjoy Learn Quran Tafsir, you can support us with donation in our campaign page here or via PayPal to [email protected] Your support is very valuable to improve Learn Quran Tafsir features and make sure more people can enjoy using this Quran search engine too. Moreover, in Ramadan every good deeds creates multiple rewards, Insha Allah.

“My Lord, put my heart at peace for me and make my task easy for me,” (Taha: 25-26)

Ramadan is a good chance for us to focus and learning more about Quran. And with Learn Quran, we can practice Quran recitation and get more depth with the Quran in a modern way. Bismillah.

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Seven Habits of Stephen Covey in Quran

A friend of mine asked me hours ago, “If Quran is complete, why then there is no life guidance similar to those popular seven habits written three decades ago?”

I answer, “Firstly, those habits were only creation of that great man. Other writers could make it five, nine, add things, change others. Those are not the scripture which cannot be changed. Even the author himself add the 8th habit. Writers after him also make another version of these beneficial habits.

Secondly, the seven habits really exist in Quran and it teaches us more than these seven habits. It is impossible that Allah who is the Merciful and who knows everything best then does not guide us to such useful manners. In fact, there are several verses signify these habits and command us to do so as follows.

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1st habit: Be proactive

Highly effective people make improve their lives through the things that they can influence rather than being reactive to external forces. Change in this world starts from within. Allah said: Indeed, Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves. [Quran 13:11]

2nd habit: Begin with the end in mind

Begin everything you do with a clear picture of your ultimate goal. Allah frequently reminds us about the Hereafter to always remember that everything we do should be oriented towards it. He said: O you who have believed, fear Allah. And let every soul look to what it has put forth for tomorrow. (Quran 59:18).

3rd habit: Put first things first

We will be asked about our priority list. Choosing to do something before another wrongly could bring us to Hellfire like people who were late to embrace Islam or perform noble deeds until they passed away. Allah said: Everyone will then know what he has put forth and kept back. [Quran 82:5]
4th habit: Think win-win

Be considerate of the feelings of others. Do not always look for our happiness if it makes people suffer. Even when people do awful acts upon us, we should respond them with pious deeds to make all of us gain positive results then we become friends rather than enemies. Allah said: Repel evil by that deed which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity will become as though he was a devoted friend. [Quran 41:34]
5th habit: Seek first to understand, then to be understood

In Islam, you are prohibited to cut others’ talk before they have finished it. You also must listen well to what Allah and the Prophet said firstly then try to understand and learn it, after that you should obey, then Allah will give you His mercy. Allah said: And if they had said, “We hear and obey” and “Wait for us to understand,” it would have been better for them and more suitable. [Quran 4:46]

6th habit: Synergize

Through mutual trust and understanding, one often can solve conflicts and find a better solution that would have been obtained through either person’s own solution. Allah urges this point several times in Quran. For instance, He said: And cooperate in righteousness and piety, but do not cooperate in sin and aggression.[Quran 5:2]

7th habit: Sharpen the saw

In Quran Allah never commands us to request the addition of anything except daily additional knowledge or skill. Muslims should endlessly develop their quality. Allah said: and say, “My Lord, increase me in knowledge.” [Quran 20:114]

May Allah help us to be those highly effective people. Allah knows best.

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Avoiding Misunderstanding Quran by Reading Tafsir Books

Many Muslims claim that learning tafsir is not part of learning the Qur’an. They think that it is only the duty of scholars. Yet in fact, knowing tafsir is extremely crucial to understanding the Qur’an properly even for people who are not the scholars. Without taking a look at books of tafsir, we could easily misunderstand the Qur’an.

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Iyas ibn Muawiyah, a Tabi’i, said, “The parable of a people who recite the Qur’an and do not know its explanation is like a group of people who have a written message from their king that comes to them during the dark night, and they do not have a lamp. Therefore, they do not know what is in the message. The example of one who knows tafsir is like a person who comes to them with a torch and reads to them what is in the message.”

For instance, Adi bin Hatim, one Shahabi, said, “When the following verse was revealed. ‘Eat and drink until the white thread appears to you, distinct from the black thread’ [Quran 2:187], I took two strings, one black and the other white and kept them under my pillow and went on looking at them throughout the night, but could not make any distinction between the two. So, the next morning I went to Allah’s Messenger and told him the whole story.

The Prophet said jokingly, “Your pillow is very wide if the white and black threads are under it!” Then he explained, “Rather, they are the blackness of the night and the whiteness of the daylight.” Meaning we are allowed to eat and drink until the dawn come.

Another interesting example of misunderstanding a verse based on its simple meaning is the story in the Sunan of Al-Baihaqi and the Mushannaf of Abdurrazzaq between Umar ibn Khattab and Qudamah ibn Mazh’un, the governor of Bahrain beginning from 624 AD. Umar as a Caliph got an information that Qudamah once drank khamr (intoxicant/wine). Umar said, “I will punish you if you drink as they said.”

Qudamah said, “If I drink as they said, then you do not have any authority to punish me because Allah said, “There is not upon those who believe and do righteousness any blame concerning what they have eaten if they fear Allah and believe and do righteous deeds, and then fear Allah and believe, and then fear Allah and do good; and Allah loves the doers of good.” [Quran 5:93]

Umar said, “You misinterpreted this verse. If you fear Allah then you will certainly get away from what is forbidden. Allah sent down this verse only referring what people said when khamr was prohibited, `O Allah’s Messenger, what about our brothers who died while still drinking Khamr before it was forbidden?” Meaning, there is no sin to people drank khamr before its prohibition because they were pious but people who drink it after the prohibition should be punished.

Such information can only be found in tafsir books. Imagine if people understand Quranic verses literally by merely reading their basic translation especially in these days when every people bring verses towards their selfish interpretations in order to legitimate their evil deeds. Therefore, reading tafsir books is necessary to get the precise meaning of verses we recite and prevent misunderstanding.

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Learn Quran Tafsir is now Available in English

Alhamdulillah, Learn Quran Foundation has launched a free online tafsir website in English version: tafsir.learn-quran.co

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Here’s the reason why we are making another great product.

The Quran explains everything*, including your daily problems, however…

  • Most of us lack sufficient knowledge to understand Qur’an for our daily life.
  • A high level of knowledge and understanding is necessary to merely explain (tafsir) the Qur’an’s meaning.
  • Knowledge about the context behind the Ayat is also essential to understand the Qur’an fully.

Also, we know that understanding Quran can be done by reading tafsirs, however…

  • Tafsirs books are expensive, difficult to use, often impractical, and not to mention hard to find
  • Online tafsirs are not comprehensive, and lacks trustworthiness

So what can we do to understand Quran easily?

In order to help the world know and understand tafsirs better, Learn Quran is introducing our newest product, Learn Quran Tafsir. Learn Quran Tafsir is a free and advanced search engine which searches in the Qur’an and multiple tafsirs for anything you want to know. Moreover, LQ Tafsir uses Artificial Intelligence technology for its search engine, the more we use it, the more advanced its technology becomes.

Our team has been developing this new Quran search engine since mid-2017. Prior to the English version, the initial version in Bahasa Indonesia has been launched on January 2018.

Try Learn Quran Tafsir now.

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The Endless Exam-Reward Cycle

by Nur Fajri Romadhon
Whoever survives and shows his consistency upon Allah’s guidance even in difficult times, would be granted many benefits in this life even before the Hereafter according to several verses.  This pious one will carry off ease in matters, way out of problems and unexpected provision.
For instance, Allah said,
“Ask forgiveness of your Lord. Indeed, He is truly Most Forgiver. He will send (rain from) the sky upon you in (continuing) showers. And give you increase in wealth and children and provide for you gardens and provide for you rivers.” [Noah: 10-12]
In meantime, such merits could be sophisticated smartphones, luxury cars, wealth, beauty and other honourable achievements. But, indeed these rewards later on become other new examinations in different face. And this kind of exam in fact is more effortful than the bitter and painful ones like sickness, poverty or lack of success.
Thus, the cycle is as below:
Exam – Consistency – Reward (next exam) – Consistency – Reward (more difficult exam) – …
or as following:
Exam – Failure – Reward (easier exam) – Consistency – Reward (more difficult exam) – …
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This exam-reward cycle will endlessly continue as tests of our lifelong obedience.
Allah said:
“If they remain straight on the way, We would give them abundant provision, as a test for them.” [Al-Jinn:16-17]
May Allah be with us at every step we take and help us when life gets rough.
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